Friday, February 18, 2011

INTERCOMPANY BILLING : CONFIGURATION

INTERCOMPANY BILLING

Business case: - Customer orders goods to company code/Sales organization A (Eg.4211/4211). Sales org 4211 will accept and punch the order in the system with sold to party as end customer code in the system. Company code/sales org B (Eg.4436) will deliver the goods to end customer and raise an inter-company billing on 4211 with reference to delivery. This can happen only after 4211 raises invoice to his end customer to whom the material has been delivered by 4436.

SPRO Customization required:-
1. Assign plant of delivering company code (Eg.SI81) to sales org/distribution channel combination of ordering company code (Eg.4211/RT)
2. Maintain intercom any billing type as IV for sales document type OR
3. Assign Organizational Units By Plant (Eg.SI81/4211/RT/11)
4.Define Internal Customer Number By Sales Organization (Eg.4436 will create customer master for 4211 company code and that number will be maintained in this relationship:-4211/231)
5. Automatic posting to vendor account (Optional)
6. Maintain pricing procedure determination for 4211/RT/A/1/RVAA01-For customer sales and billing
Maintain pricing procedure determination for 4436/RT/A/1/ICAA01-For inter-company billing

Master data to be maintained:-

1. Create end customer master in company code/sales org 4211/RT/11
2. Create customer master for 4211 company code/sales org in 4436/RT/11
3. Maintain PR00 as price for end customer-Active in RVAA01
4. Maintain PI01 as price which has to be paid to 4436-Statistical in RVAA01
5. Maintain IV01 as inter-company Price-Active in ICAA01

Process:-
1. Create OR with sold to party as end customer.
2. Plant to be selected is delivering plant belonging to different company code. With this selection system will treat this order as inter-company sales.
3. Pricing procedure is RVAA01
4. With reference to this order delivery will be created from the delivering plant and post the goods issue for this delivery.
5. Ordering sales org will create billing document F2 with reference to delivery for end customer.
6. Delivering sales org will create inter-company billing IV with reference to delivery document.

A company arranges direct delivery of the goods to the customer from the stocks of another company belonging to the same corporate group. To put in simple terms, Company code A orders goods through its sales organization A from Plant B belonging to Company code B. It is imperative that both Plants A & B should have the material. In other words, the material is created for both the Plants A & B + their respective storage locations.

Sales Organizations and Plants are uniquely assigned to Company codes. It is not possible to assign either a plant or a sales organization to more than one company code.

Sales organizations and plants assigned to each other need not belong to the same company code.

In other terms, a plant belonging to Company code A & assigned to Sales Organization A can also be assigned to Sales Organization B of Company Code B. This enables cross company sales.

PARTIES INVOLVED
1) End Customer 2) Ordering Company code 3) Supplying Company Code.

End customer:
Customer who orders goods from the ordering company code.

Ordering Company Code:
Which orders goods from Plant belonging to Supplying Company code through its sales organization and bills the end customer.

Supplying Company Code: Supplies goods from its plant to the end customer specified by the ordering company code and bill the ordering company code.

CONFIGURATION SETTINGS
Assign Delivery Plant of the supplying company code to Sales Org + Distribution channel of the Ordering company code in the Enterprise Structure.

DEFINE ORDER TYPES FOR INTERCOMPNY BILLING:
Menu path: IMG/ SD/Billing/Intercompany Billing/Define Order Types for Intercompany billing

Assign Organizational units by Plant:
Menu Path: IMG/ SD/Billing/Intercompany Billing/Assign Organizational units by Plant.

Define Internal Customer Number By Sales Organization:
Menu Path: IMG/ SD / Billing/ Intercompany Billing/ Define Internal Customer Number By Sales Organization:

Creating / Showing Ordering Sales Organization as Internal Customer for Supplying Company code:

Transaction Code: XD01

The ordering sales organization is represented as Internal customer of Supplying company code.

We need to create customer master in Account Group – Sold to Party and maintain minimum required financial & Sales Area data.

This internal customer number has to be assigned to the ordering sales organization. Hence, the system automatically picks up this Internal customer number whenever there is Intercompany billing.

PRICING:

We need to maintain two pricing procedures RVAA01 & ICAA01. Pricing procedure RVAA01 represents condition type PR00 & any other discounts or surcharges that are meant for end customer.
We assign Pricing procedure RVAA01 to combination of Sales area (Of Ordering company code) + Customer Pricing Procedure + Document Pricing Procedure of Sales document type.

This pricing Procedure (RVAA01) is determined both at Sales Order level & Billing processing for the end customer.

We maintain PR00 condition type to represent the ordering company code’s price to the end customer.
Condition records for PR00 are maintained using organizational elements of Ordering company code, end customer & the Material.
Eg: Sales Org. of Ordering company code + End customer + Material.
We also need to maintain PI01 condition type to represent costs to Ordering company code (in other words revenue to supplying company code). It is statistical condition type & meant for information purpose only.

Condition records for PI01 are created with the following key combination:
Ordering sales Org + Supplying Plant + Material

Pricing Procedure ICAA01is determined at Intercompany billing processing level.
Pricing Procedure ICAA01 – Pricing Procedure for Inter company billing is assigned to the combination of:
1) Sales Area (of supplying company code) + Document pricing Procedure of Billing document type IV + Customer Pricing Procedure of the Internal customer.
Pricing Procedure ICAA01 has condition type IV01 that represents revenues for Supplying company code in the intercompany billing.
PR00 condition type also appears in Intercompany billing document. It is for information purposes only and does not have bearing on the value of the document.
PI01 represented under pricing procedure RVAA01 is reference condition type for IV01 and the same is defined in the condition type IV01. Due to this these two condition types represent same value.
The condition type IV01 in intercompany billing document represents revenue to the Supplying Company. But its corresponding condition type PI01 in the billing document to the end customer is shown as a statistical item meant for information purposes.
Condition Type VPRS in the intercompany-billing document indicates cost to the supplying company code.
The use of two different condition types in Intercompany billing is necessary to ensure that data is transmitted correctly to the financial statement (Component CO-PA).

Thanks & Regards,
Manoj Kumar

2 comments:

  1. Dear Manoj,
    Could you please explain the significance of this setting:
    Assign Organizational units by Plant.
    How system uses this information?

    Regards,
    Rajat

    ReplyDelete
  2. Dear Manoj,

    Could you please give more clarification with respect to 'PRICING' whether we need to maintain PR00 to RVAA01 along with PI01 to ICAA01????
    if so could you please give clrification please

    ReplyDelete